National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme
Iodine is an essential
micronutrient with an average daily at 100-150 micrograms for normal human
growth and development. Deficiency of Iodine can cause physical and mental
retardation, cretinism, abortions, stillbirth, deaf mutism, squint & various
types of goitre. Results of sample surveys conducted in 325 districts covering
all the States/Union Territories have revealed that 263 districts are endemic
where the prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders is more than 10%. It is
estimated that more than 71 million persons are suffering from goitre and other
Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
The Government is implementing the
National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control
Programme(External website that opens in a new window)
(NIDDCP) formerly known as National Goiter Control Programme (NGCP) since 1962 a
100% centrally assisted programme with a focus on the provision of Iodated salt,
IDD survey/ resurvey, laboratory monitoring of Iodated salt and Urinary Iodine
excretion, health education and publicity. The annual production of Iodated salt
is about 52.00 lakh M.T. Government of India has banned the sale of non iodated
salt in the entire country for direct human consumption under Prevention of Food
Adulteration Act, 1954 with effect from 17th May, 2006.
For effective implementation of the
Programme at the State level, the Ministry of Health is providing financial
assistance to all the States/UTs for establishment of an IDD Control Cell, and
IDD Monitoring Laboratory in addition to assistance for conducting surveys and
Health Education & Publicity for consumption of iodated salt by the population.
The Ministry of Health is also
conducting information, education and communication.